The small town of Castledermot in south Kildare takes it’s name from ‘Diseart Diarmad’ meaning ‘Dermot’s Hermitage’. It must have been a very important ecclesiastical centre as there are many fine ruins including the remains of a round tower, 2 Celtic crosses, an Abbey, a Franciscan friary and Kilkea Castle, once the residence of the Dukes of Leinster is nearby. The earliest known Irish Parliament also met at Castledermot on 18 June 1264 and a building called the Irish Parliament stood in the town square up until the 18th century. The Franciscan Monastery also has the oldest intact stone window in Western Europe. The ‘frontier’ location at the edge of the Pale and the community’s wealth attracted some unwanted attention over the years. These raids included the Vikings c.841 and 867 (the hogsback stone burial in the graveyard is from this period), the Normans in 1169, Edward the Bruce in 1316, the McMurroughs in 1405 and 1427, The Crown forces in 1530 and of course good old Cromwell whose forces destroyed most of the place in 1650. The town had important trading function and was able to mint it’s own coins but by the mid-19th Castledermot was described as having ‘neither trade nor manufacture’ and is now wholly dependent on agriculture.