The Province of Leinster

The first part of the name Leinster derives from Laigin, the name of a major tribe that once inhabited the area and the latter part of the name derives either from the Irish tír or from the Old Norse staðr, both of which translate as ‘land’ or ‘territory’

These are some of the most significant landmarks, buildings and monuments in the province of Leinster

Conflict resolution, German prisoners of war and the United Irishmen

The Glencree Centre for Peace and Reconciliation was originally constructed by the British Army as a barracks in 1806. They were built in response to the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and the French Wars of [...]

The Guinness family and Ireland’s premier accommodation for dignitaries

Farmleigh Estate is located in Phoenix Park, Dublin City and was originally a small Georgian house.. It was purchased by Edward Cecil Guinness on his marriage to his cousin, Adelaide Guinness in 1873. Edward, the [...]

St Columba, Brian Boru and a crumbling round tower

This c.10th round tower and c.14th belfrey are located in the town of Swords in north co.Dublin. The tower stands 26 m high and is instantly recognizable from it's crumbling windows and collapsed cap. It [...]

One of 39 Martellos still standing & views out to Lambay Island

This is tower no.6 Balcarrick located on Portrane Beach in north co.Dublin. It was built in 1804 to thwart any plans Napoleon had to invade these islands. In 1803 an Act of Parliament to make [...]

An Arch-Bishop’s luxury pad, An orchard and The Tudors

Swords Castle is located in the town of Swords in north county Dublin and dates from 1190 a.d. In 1181 John Comyn succeeded Laurence O'Toole as the 1st Anglo-Norman Archbishop of Dublin and it appears [...]

The Roundtower built for love – but is it an original ?

Portrane Round Tower is located in Portrane in north co.Dublin. Many of the Round Towers in the Fingal region date back to the Viking era with the likes of Lusk and St Columba’s tower in [...]

Ireland’s first and most important Cistercian Abbey

Mellifont Abbey, Tullyallen. County Meath   1142 Mellifont Abbey was founded by St Malachy in 1142. This was the first, the richest and the most important of Ireland's 35 Cistercian abbeys. The Cistercian Order was established [...]

St Bridget, an art school and a hidden Sheela-Na-Gig

St Bridget's Cathedral is located in Kildare Town in county Kildare. It was built c.1230 on the same site that St Brigid founded her nunnery in the 5th century a.d. It is believed that Brigid’s [...]

One of the most striking Anglo-Norman castles in Ireland but don’t look out the window

Castle Roche, Dundalk. County Louth           1236 Castle Roche is one of the most striking Anglo-Norman castles in Ireland. It was built in 1236 by the De Verdun family and the steep rocky outcrop along with [...]

Cúchulainn’s Stone

Cúchulainn's Stone (Clochafarmore) is located near the village of Knockbridge in co.Louth. It may date to anytime between 1000 b.c - 500 a.d. According to legend, the mortally wounded Cúchulainn bound himself to this 10 [...]

UNESCO World Heritage Site – Europe’s greatest collection of Megalithic Art in one location

Knowth is Ireland's most spectacular complex of prehistoric passage tombs. This World Heritage site dates from about 3000 b.c and is not only the largest of the three great passage tombs in the Boyne Valley [...]

The longest pub with the longest continuous bar counter in Ireland

The Hole in the Wall Pub claims to be the longest pub in Ireland and has the longest continuous bar counter. It was originally a coach house and dates to the mid 1650's. During these [...]

The Quakers, Shackelton and The Leadbeater Papers

Griesebank House, Ballitore. County Kildare        1726 Griesebank House was a former school for Quakers. It was founded by Abraham Shackleton in 1726, the fore father of the great polar explorer, Ernest Shackleton. Quakers are a [...]

A 5000 years old passage tomb with a smiley face inside

Fourknocks Passage Tomb, Fourknocks. County Meath     c. 3000 b. c. The Fourknocks passage tomb dates to c.3000 b.c. Its name may derive from the Irish word ‘Fuair Cnocs’ that translates to ‘cold hills’ or it just [...]

Regarded as Ireland’s most beautiful High Cross

Muiredach’s High Cross, Monasterboice, County Louth   c. 9th – 10th century a. d. This is the wonderful Muiredach’s High Cross. It is regarded as the most beautiful Celtic cross in the World and Ireland’s greatest [...]

The longest river in Ireland & Great Britain has an ancient monster in it

The River Shannon is 360 km (224 miles) and is by far the longest river in Ireland and is named after the Celtic goddess, Sionna. It's source is the Culicagh Mountain in co. Cavan and [...]

Why are there 4 lighthouses at the most easterly point of Ireland?

Wicklow Head Lighthouse, Wicklow Head. County Wicklow         1781 Wicklow Head Lighthouse was built in 1781 and was originally part of a pair. Their architect, John Trail had previously designed the Grand Canal in Dublin and [...]

Ireland’s, could be Europe’s and possibly the World’s oldest pub!

Sean's Bar is located in Athlone in co.Westmeath. This is not only the oldest bar in Ireland, but also in Europe and possibly the World dating from 900 a.d. This was officially certified by The [...]

The earliest stone castle to be built in Ireland and one the largest Norman castles in Europe

Trim Castle is not only the earliest stone castle to be built in Ireland but is also the largest Norman Castle in Europe. It was built in 1176 by Hugh de Lacy and his son [...]

Ireland’s highest waterfall & King George IV’s near escape

Powerscourt Waterfall, Powerscourt Estate. County Wicklow   The Powerscourt waterfall is Ireland's highest and arguably most beautiful waterfall with a height of 398 feet. The estate is covered in Beech, Oak, Larch, Pine and even [...]

The oldest operational lighthouse in the World

Hook Head Lighthouse, Hook Head. County Wexford        c. 1200 Hook Head Lighthouse is a national monument and is located on the tip of Hook Head in county Wexford. It is recognised as the oldest operational [...]

Ancient island near the stars

Dalkey Island lies less than 300 metres off the south Dublin coastline near the village of Dalkey. This 22 acre island has been occupied for 6000 years and has stunning views in all directions. There are [...]

Super rich historic Island off north county Dublin

Lambay lies 4km off the north County Dublin coast and is the eastern most point of Ireland. In the Neolithic period it was used as a production site for axes from the quarrying stage right through [...]

A 4500 year old dolmen in the middle of a housing estate in south Dublin

This Dolmen is located in Ballybrack in south co. Dublin. It dates for approx 2500 b.c and it's granite capstone has beautiful shiny quartz mixed through it. It measures 5 foot X 5 foot and [...]

A master sculptor, sanctuary and hanging rebels

The Market Cross is located outside the courthouse in Kells in co.Meath. This early 10th century cross  was originally called the “Cross of the Gate” as it was located at the eastern side of the [...]

Strange stone carvings on an international pilgrimage route

The Clonfinlough Stone is located near the village of Clonfinlough in co.Offaly. This national monument has mysterious carvings which may date from anytime between c.1000 b.c and 1400 a.d. The stone is 10 foot x [...]

A unique Napoleonic fort on the Shannon

This odd and unique looking building is the Old Fort at Shannonbridge in co.Offaly. It was built in 1810 at this strategic location on the Shannon River. At the turn of the nineteenth century there [...]

Once the highest bridge in Ireland with a treasure trove of unique species below it

Knocksink Bridge is located in the village of Enniskerry in county Wicklow. Not many people are aware whilst driving into Enniskerry on the R117 that they passing over this bridge. When built in 1859, this [...]

The oldest ancient structure in Dublin City and the smallest ‘dolmen’ in Ireland

Knockmaree Dolmen is located in Phoenix Park in Dublin City. It dates from approx 3000 b.c > 1700 b.c and is probably the oldest monument near the city and possibly the smallest ‘dolmen’ structure in [...]

The no.1 tourist bar with largest collection of rare whiskeys in Ireland

The Temple Bar is one of the most famous pubs in Dublin. It's history goes back to 1599 when Sir William Temple, a renowned teacher and philosopher, built his house and gardens here on newly [...]

One of the largest barracks in Europe, Michael Collins & rare collections

Collins Barracks is located on Arbour Hill in Dublin City on a site originally ear-marked for a mansion for The Duke of Ormond. It was built in 1702 and was one of the largest barracks [...]

Crusades, Norman warriors and betrayal

Templar's Church is located in Templetown, co.Wexford and dates from 1310. It received its name from the Knights Templar, a brotherhood of monastic Norman warriors who originated during the crusades. After the Norman invasion of [...]

‘Claims’ to be the most haunted house in Ireland – don’t look back!!!

Loftus Hall is located on Hook Head in co.Wexford. This was originally the site of a castle built by a family called Redmonds in 1350. It later 'fell into the hands' of the Loftus family [...]

William Marshall, A great storm & One of the richest Cistercian Abbeys in Ireland

Tintern Abbey, Saltmills. County Wexford         1200 The beautiful Tintern Abbey was founded in 1200 by William Marshall, the 1st Earl of Pembroke. Marshal had set sail for Ireland on his first visit as Lord of [...]

The best kept archaeological secret in Ireland..Shhh!

Loughcrew, Oldcastle. County Meath     3300 b.c Loughcrew has been described as ‘Ireland’s greatest archaeological secret’ and is one of the big 4 megalithic sites in Ireland (the others being Carrowkeel and Carrowmore in county Sligo [...]

Shells from all over the World, Marianne Faithful, Queen Victoria & Princess Grace of Monaco

Shell Cottage, Carton House Estate. County Kildare    1750 This stunning little house was built in 1750 for Emily Fitzgerald. She was a great granddaughter of Charles II who married James Fitzgerald in 1747 who resided [...]

Daniel O’Connell, the Valley of Holly and a famous architect

Glencullen House is located in the village of Glencullen in co.Dublin. It was built in 1800 and was probably designed by the famous Irish architect, Francis Johnson. The house, along with it's Doric portico was [...]

The 2nd longest church in Ireland & the oldest structure in Kilkenny

St Canice’s Roundtower & Cathedral.  Kilkenny City    950 a. d. &  1285 a. d. This historic site contains two very remarkable buildings. The first National Monuments is St Canice's Cathedral, built between 1202 and 1285. [...]

Home to the Butlers for nearly 600 years & One of the most visited castles in Ireland

Kilkenny Castle, Kilkenny City. County Kilkenny     1210 Kilkenny Castle is located in Kilkenny City at a strategic location that commands a crossing on the River Nore. This site was used by the local Kings of [...]

The oldest operational lighthouse in the World

This national monument is Hook Head Lighthouse. It is located on Hook Head in co.Wexford and is recognised as the oldest operational lighthouse in the World. Tradition states that Dubhán, a missionary monk, may have [...]

A beautifully restored cottage, Mary McAleese & a historic village

St. Mogue’s Cottage, Ferns. County Wexford    1790 The beautiful St. Mogue’s Cottage is located on the grounds of St Edan's Cathedral in Ferns. It largely dates from the 18th century and was originally used for [...]

The oldest bell, tower and original features of any church in Dublin City

This National Monument is St Audeon's Church. It is located on High Street in Dublin City and dates from c.1190 a.d. It has the distinction of being the only medieval parish church, retaining any original [...]

A claimant to the oldest continuously inhabited castle in Ireland, The Wizard Earl & the Fitzgerald Dynasty

Kilkea Castle, Castledermot. County Kildare.    c. 1426 Kilkea Castle was built in 1426 and is a claimant of the oldest continuously inhabited castle in Ireland (as does Malahide Castle!) Originally a motte and bailey [...]

The World’s first lighthouse to use candlepower and once the longest sea wall

The Poolbeg Lighthouse is located at the end of the Great South Wall in Dublin. The original lighthouse here was built in 1768 however it was redesigned into its present form in 1820. It was [...]

A masterpiece of sculpture & The second tallest High Cross in Ireland

The Moone High Cross, Moone. County Kildare   10th century a. d.   The Moone High Cross is regarded as a masterpiece among granite crosses. It is the second tallest in Ireland and is one of [...]

The first multi-storey steel-framed building to be constructed in Ireland & it’s no.1 tourist attraction

The building in which the Storehouse is located was constructed in 1902 as a fermentation plant for the St. James's Gate Brewery. It was designed in the style of the Chicago School of Architecture and [...]

The oldest Pub in Dublin, a brass head & famous drinkers

The Brazen Head Pub is located on Bridge St. Lower in Dublin City. It claims to be Ireland's oldest pub, dating back to 1198. It is definitely Dublin's oldest however the official title goes to [...]

The largest Cathedral in Ireland and reputedly it’s earliest Christian site

St Patrick’s Cathedral, Wood Quay, Dublin City  1191 St Patrick’s Cathedral is the largest church in Ireland and is also reputed to be its earliest Christian site. Unusually, Dublin has two cathedrals belonging to the [...]

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