Knappogue Castle was built in 1467 by Sean MacNamara and is a magnificent example of a medieval tower house. It has a long and varied history from a battle field to a dwelling place. It became the seat of the MacNamara Clan in 1571 and one of their descendants Donagh MacNamara was a leader of the 1641 rebellion. It remained in MacNamara hands until 1800 besides a brief confiscation for a year by Cromwell’s parliament when it was sold to the Scotts family. They started a major restoration and this continued in 1855 when it was acquired by Lord Dunboyne. In the early 20th century it served as the headquarters of General Michael Brennan and Irish Free State Army in Ireland’s fight for freedom and then passed into the hands of a local farmer where it fell into disrepair. It was purchased in 1966 by the Hon. Mark Edwin Andrews of Houston Texas who along with his architect wife and in collaboration with Shannon Developments, carried out an extensive and sensitive restoration. It has since been the host to two Irish presidents, as well as other heads of state, including General de Gaulle. Shannon Developments purchased the castle in 1996 with the intention of preserving this important building for future generations.(R)