Millmount Fort is Drogheda’s most dominant feature and it’s most strategic location. A legend regarding it’s origin says that it was the burial place of Amhairghin, a mythical Celtic poet and it has been suggested that below the site is a large passage grave similar to Newgrange. Hugh De Lacy, one of the most powerful Normans who came to Ireland, built the original fortifications here in 1172 after having been granted ‘The Kingdom of Meath’ by Henry II. A few centuries later a larger stone castle was built here and this during ‘the Siege of Drogheda’ formed part of the main defense against Cromwell’s invasion Ireland in 1649. The Royalist defenders in the fort attempted to surrender to the Cromwell’s Parliamentarian troops but were massacred when they gave themselves up. In 1808, these original fortifications were demolished and the complex was re-named ‘Richmond Barracks’ when the present Martello type tower was erected. Martello towers were built all along the coast by the British to defend Irish soil against a possible French invasion. This fort saw no real action again until 1922 when it was considerably damaged when it was shelled by Free State forces during the civil war. It has since been restored by Drogheda Corporation and is now a museum open to the public.

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