This National Monument is Portumna Castle located in Portumna co.Galway. It was built in 1618 and is regarded as a very interesting example of Irish architecture in the transition between the medieval fortified tower house and the classical large country manor. It was built by Richard de Burgo, the 4th Earl of Clanricarde as his principle residence. De Burgo was a man of great wealth and influence in England and Ireland. Although it was designed to be aesthetically pleasing to the eye the de Burgos were taking no chances as it had defensive towers at each corner, gun loops, a grand front door, battlements -and a machicolation ( floor opening in the battlements, through which stones, or other objects, could be dropped on attackers!). The De Burgos managed to hang onto the house for nearly 200 years until 1826 when the castle was gutted by a fire. It remained as a roofless shell until very recently but since 1968, the Office of Public Works along with teams of skilled crafts, archeologists and historians have carefully restored the structure and it’s 17th century gardens to their former glory. Please refer to for opening times. Photo courtesy of Department of Arts Heritage and the Gaelthacht (DAHG).