Rathfarnham Castle was built in 1585 by Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh. This is one of the finest examples of what is described as a ‘fortified manor house’ in Ireland. It’s 4 flanker towers, instead of being square are angular (angle bastions):  time. The site is steeped in history and had previously had an Iron Age Fort built on it one thousand years earlier followed by a Norman castle. The interior of the castle was redesigned in the 18th century by two of the greatest architects of the time: William Chambers (Buckingham Palace, Kew Gardens, St James’s Palace, Trinity University, and Casino Marino) and, James ‘Athenian’ Stuart (best known for his pioneering role in Neoclassicism in the mid 1700’s. Rathfarnham Castle remained in use for a long time as a private house and ended up being used as a Jesuit College before it was taken under the care of the Office of Public Works. It is now open to the public.

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