The Apprentice Boys Memorial Hall and its museum is dedicated to the memory of the 13 Apprentice Boys who closed the City gates in 1688 when Catholic James II of England laid siege to the walled city (which was at the time a Protestant stronghold). It was built in 1873 under the designs of John Guy Ferguson in an neo Gothic style with Scottish Baronial influences and was later extended along Society Street in 1936. The Hall is an important architectural listed building and includes a museum and meeting rooms for each of the Loyal Orange Orders. The Apprentice Boys of Derry is a Protestant fraternal society founded in 1814. It has 80,000 worldwide members with clubs and branches all over Ireland, Great Britain and even Canada and the U.S. The Apprentice Boys parades regularly led to rioting in the city but recently a more conciliatory approach has taken place and now they are virtually trouble free.

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