The Royal Hospital Kilmainham is the finest 17th-century building in Ireland. It has stunning formal gardens over looking the River Liffey and Phoenix Park. It was built in 1684 by Sir William Robinson as a home for retired soldiers and continued in that use for over 250 years. It’s design is based on ‘Les Invalides’ in Paris and following the creation of the Irish Free State, this building was considered as a potential home for the new Irish Parliament (It was eventually decided however to keep the parliament in it’s temporary home in Leinster House). It was later used by the Garda Síochána as a storage location for property belonging to the National Museum of Ireland. A large statue of Queen Victoria which stood outside Leinster House until 1947 was re-located here along with various state carriages, including the famously spectacular state coach of the Lord Chancellor of Ireland. The Hospital was finally restored by the Irish Government in 1984 (its 300th anniversary) and controversially opened as The Irish Museum of Modern Art (IMMA).