After the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 the remainder of James II’s defeated army retired to Limerick under the command of Patrick Sarsfield where they held out a siege for over a year. When they eventually surrendered a treaty was made at this stone. The terms included an option for the safe passage to France with their wives and families which many accepted along with Sarsfield. This became known as the Flight of the Wild Geese but once in France, they formed the Irish Brigade of the French Army. Under the civil articles, Jacobites who remained in Ireland were to be left in peace as long as they pledged allegiance to King William. They were also allowed to keep their estates and property and Catholic noblemen were also permitted to carry arms. Despite this, the Penal Laws were introduced a few years later, and under these Irish Catholics were deeply persecuted, and the Treaty of Limerick was ignored. The Treaty Stone was erected on its pedestal in 1865 and is located at Thomond Bridge in Limerick City.