The arrival of the Normans had an enormous impact on Irish society with new language, wool production, farming practices, architecture, warfare and a new legal system. Defensive sites began as motte & baileys however these developed into the great Anglo-Norman Castles of which many still remain.
Attacked, burnt and destroyed with everyone killed (except one!) This National Monument is Roscrea Castle. This was originally the site of a motte and bailey fortification known as King John's Castle. It was [...]