Lambay lies 4km off the north County Dublin coast and is the easternmost point of Ireland. In the Neolithic period, it was used as a production site for axes from the quarrying stage right through to the polishing which is unique in Ireland. It was mentioned by the ancient Greek writers Pliny and Ptolemy as Limnus. Its present name comes from the old Norse for “Lamb Island” that was derived from the ancient practice of sending young ewes over in springtime to a wolf free environment. St.Columba is said to have established a monastic settlement here in c.530 a.d. It was raided by Vikings in 795 and was granted by King Sitric to Christ Church Cathedral and later to the Archbishops of Dublin. In 1467 it was used as a fortress for England’s protection against the Spaniards, the French and the Scots. It was used as a harsh internment camp after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691. A number of Iron Age burials and Romano-British items (possibly from refugees from Roman Britain c.79a.d) were discovered in 1927 whilst building a new harbor. The island has claimed many shipwrecks, one of the most notable was the RMS Tayleur with a loss of 380 lives. It was also the landing site of the winners of the 1921 Gordon Bennett Gas Balloon Race and is one of the largest and most important seabird colonies in Ireland. and the only grey seal colony on the east coast. As well as a herd of farmed cattle, the island has a troupe of wild wallabies…don’t ask- find out for yourself! The island is now privately owned by the Baring family trust.