Dublin Castle is located at the highest point in Dublin’s centre and so was always the most strategic point for controlling the territory. There is evidence that a 6th century ring fort was located on this site which was followed by a wooden Viking fortress built in 930 and then the first stone built castle built by the Normans in 1204. From this point it became the centre of English administration in Ireland for more than 700 years until 1921. It was also used as a royal residence, resided in by the Viceroy of Ireland. In the 1700’s the Georgian street scape of Dublin was reshaped and redeveloped and Edward Lovett Pearce, one of the leading architects of the time, redesigned Dublin Castle’s courtyard in 1779. It was so grand that it was stated that ‘it was far superior to the London Palace of St James’. Other interesting buildings and rooms on site include St Patrick’s Hall, the Throne Room, the state bedrooms, the exquisite Gothic chapel and the Norman keep. The castle is now a tourist attraction and is used as a conference centre.(R)

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